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Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Denatured Fuel Ethanol

A material safety data sheet (MSDS), safety data sheet (SDS), or product safety data sheet (PSDS) is an important component of product stewardship and occupational safety of fuel grade etha­nol. It is intended to provide workers and emergency personnel with procedures for handling or working with that substance in a safe manner and includes information such as physical data, tox­icity, health effects, first aid, reactivity, storage, disposal, protec­tive equipment, and spill-handling procedures. MSDS formats can vary from source to source within a country depending on national requirements.

In the United States the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that a Material Safety Data Sheet

Property

Units

Limits

Test Method

Ethanol content + higher saturated alcohols

% (m/m)

min. 98.7%

EC/2870/2000 — method I, Appendix II, Method В

Higher saturated (C3-C5) mono­alcohols content

% (m/m)

max. 2.0

EC/2870/2000 — method III

Methanol content

% (m/m)

max. 1.0

EC/2870/2000 — method III

Water content

% (m/m)

max. 0.300

EN 15489

Inorganic chloride content

mg/l

max. 20.0

EN 15484 or prEN 15492

Copper content

mg/kg

max. 0.100

EN 15488

Total acidity (expressed as acetic acid)

% (m/m)

max. 0.007

EN 15491

Appearance

Clear and bright

Visual inspection

Phosphorus content

mg/l

max. 0.50

EN 15487

Non-volatile material content

mg/100ml

max. 10

EC/2870/2000 — method II

Sulfur content

mg/kg

max. 10.0

EN 15485 or EN 15486

Table 16.5 Current European standard prEN 15376 for fuel grade un-denatured ethanol used as a blending component for petrol (gasoline).

Fuel Ethanol Standards, Testing and Blending 519

(MSDS) be available to employees for potentially harmful sub­stances handled in the workplace under the Hazard Communication Regulation. The MSDS is also required to be made available to local fire departments, local and state emergency planning officials under Section 311 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act. The American Chemical Society (ACS) defines Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Numbers (CAS numbers) which provide a unique number for each chemical and are also used internation­ally in MSDSs.

In the European Union safety data sheets have been made an integral part of the system of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH). The original requirements of REACH for SDSs have been further adapted to take into account the rules for safety data sheets of the Global Harmonized System (GHS) and the imple­mentation of other elements of the GHS into EU legislation that were introduced by Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (CLP) via an update to Annex II of REACH. The SDS for fuel ethanol follows a 16 section format which is internationally agreed upon, and for substances, especially, the SDS should be followed with an annex which contains the exposure scenarios of this particular substance. The SDS is supplied in an official language of the Member States of the European Union where the substance or mixture is placed on the market. The European Chemical Agency (ECHA) has published a guidance document on the compilation of safety data sheets.

The United States Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Denatured Fuel Ethanol is found at https://www. msdsonline. com. This freely available data sheet adopted by different ethanol manufactures and distributors can be downloaded by registering in the above website. A recent version for Denatured Fuel Ethanol (CAS # 64-17-5) with a Revision date 11-26-2012 is shown in Appendix 1 [1].

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